You will see a big revolution in the agriculture industry in the next few years. Robots, sensors, irrigation and fertilization systems are being tested all over the world. With the professional entry of this technological tool into the modern world, the future of the agricultural industry will undergo a huge change. How will we plant trees in the future, and most importantly, what food product will fit on the human plate? Stay with us to answer these questions.
The first use of technology in agriculture (AG TECH) was a small robot that placed seeds on the soil. This robot was greatly developed with the advancement of science and technology in agriculture and found many abilities such as planting and harvesting.
As you know, in all systems there is a central processing unit that gives orders to other agents. Technology in agriculture also uses a similar system.
With the advancement of the Internet of Things, many agricultural affairs can be controlled only with a mobile phone. In fact, using the Internet of Things, you can easily connect to the central system with your mobile phone and control the robot, sensor, camera, irrigation system, fertilization or anything else you have.
According to Cisco, nearly 15 trillion dollars have been invested for technologies related to the Internet of Things in agriculture, and this figure is still increasing. The Internet of Things has many applications in the agricultural industry. Among others, we can refer to control by drone, control of irrigation and fertilization systems, control of robots and similar cases.
The use of GPS in agriculture has made it very easy to locate and map land. As you know, nowadays there are GPS receivers in all smartphones. This has caused the price of these receivers to drop drastically and their use to increase. Using these receivers, you can easily communicate with the central system of your agricultural land and do things like irrigation and fertilization.
It is interesting to know that in the country of Kenya, after an elephant entered the agricultural land and destroyed the crops, a receiver was attached to him. A few months later, when that elephant tried to enter the fields again, the residents justified the helper and prevented the elephant from coming to the agricultural land!
What is the geographic information system and what is its use in agriculture? The answer to this question is very simple. This intelligent system is used in agricultural areas and maps agricultural land digitally. In this mapping, there is information such as land topography and soil survey, which makes it easier to analyze the soil. In addition, it makes it easier to identify soil sources. This will help farmers to find the right crop to plant in their farmland and provide the right items for planting.
Seeds need regular care, watering and fertilizing after planting until harvest. Also, the seed needs moderate weather and sunlight to grow. The smart irrigation and fertilization system with its equipped sensors can easily take into account all these points and according to the water, air, light and weather conditions, it introduces the right amount of water and fertilizer into the soil for plant growth.
The use of this system will minimize the spoilage of fruits in the cold and hot seasons and increase the amount of food on the soil surface. These sensors are connected to a central system. You can also connect to this system with your mobile phone and change the settings or start watering and fertilizing. The smart irrigation system has been implemented in some countries and has had good results. Currently, this system is used in some smart villages. Using this system, you can manage your agricultural land even if you travel to another country.
The arrival of gardener robots in smart agricultural fields can be considered a revolution in this industry. The entry of robots into the agricultural industry can increase the speed of planting and harvesting crops and cause them to grow better. Currently, robots are built in the form of cars that plant seeds and take care of them on a daily basis until it is time to harvest. These robots examine all aspects of the soil and choose the best spot for planting seeds.
Another robot made in this field is in the form of a drone and is used for spraying. This intelligent robot spreads poison accurately and in a very small form on plants and flowers. Recently, a drone was unveiled that can cut the poison down to the size of nano-sized materials and spray it on plants in an intelligent way.
It is interesting to know that in modern agriculture, sensors are placed around the earth in which image recognition technologies are used. These sensors allow farmers to know the status of their crops anywhere in the world. These sensors send updated information to the farmers in real time so that the farmer can make the necessary changes in his crops based on them.
Imagine having an app that tells you when the plants planted in your yard need water and other nutrients. In this case, many of the problems you face in growing plants will disappear. IoT sensors placed inside fields do the same for farmers. Of course, the Internet of Things does this on a larger scale, which causes the production of more food and less water consumption.
Useful technological equipment in agriculture:
- Position finder or GPS has an important and key impact on technology in agriculture.
- Geographic Information System (GIS); He is responsible for mapping and analyzing agricultural land.
- intelligent irrigation and fertilization system; Determines and carries out the time to harvest crops, care, irrigation and fertilization.
- intelligent robots; They have increased the speed of planting, harvesting, and all stages of smart agriculture.
- smart sensors; Farmers are informed about the status of crops at any distance.